Means, D. R. (2017). “quaring” spirituality: The spiritual counterstories and spaces of black gay and bisexual male college students. Journal of College Student Development, 58(2), 229.
The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how Black gay and bisexual male college students experience oppression during their spiritual journeys and how they resist this oppression. Data collection included interviews, field observations, and photovoice. Data were analyzed using quare theory, an alternative to queer theory, which specifically examines the experiences of Black LGBTQ individuals. The findings reveal that the students experienced oppression during their spiritual journeys and in their spiritual spaces; however, students were able to resist the oppression by challenging oppressive behavior and messages, developing a personal relationship with a higher power, and creating spiritual counterspaces.
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