Hawkins, B. (1995). The black student athlete: The colonized black body. Journal of African American Men, 1(3), 23-35.
This article views the black student athlete as colonized Black Body. It uses an internal colonial model to place the experiences black student athletes encounter at predominantly white National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Institutions into a broader theoretical framework. This theoretical approach draws upon the similarities that exist between black student athletes and internally colonized people. The conclusion of this article is that the Black Body is again internally colonized by these institutions for physical exploitation.
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